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Trends in global sea freight rates are influenced

Views: 0     Author: Alice     Publish Time: 2024-05-15      Origin: Site

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Trends in global sea freight rates are influenced by a variety of factors, including supply and demand, global economic conditions, geopolitical events, fuel costs, ship capacity and the business strategies of shipping companies. Based on the search results provided, here are some key points:

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1.Decarbonization and digitization: The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, in its Maritime Transport 2023 Review, highlighted the importance of the shipping industry's transition to clean fuels and digitalization, which could impact future maritime costs and efficiency.

 

2.Rising costs: The decarbonization transition comes with significant costs, and additional investments in ship decarbonization and carbon-neutral fuel infrastructure are expected to be significant by 2050.

 

3.Ageing of the global shipping fleet: The ageing of the global shipping fleet could affect the efficiency and costs of the shipping industry, with China, Japan and Greece, three countries whose owners control ships that account for the largest share of CO2 emissions, facing the challenge of fleet renewal.

 

4.Changes in trade patterns: Supply chain restructuring and shifting of manufacturing activities have led to changes in seaborne trade patterns, such as the implementation of the "China plus one" strategy, which may affect freight rates on specific routes.

 

5.Economic and demand factors: Expectations of a global recession, slowing GDP growth in major economies, US dollar interest rate hikes, the COVID-19 pandemic and high inflation have led to sluggish external demand growth, affecting sea freight prices.

 

6.Capacity supply: The increase in effective capacity and the improvement in vessel turnover efficiency helps to reduce the imbalance between supply and demand, which has an impact on ocean freight prices.

 

7.Shipping enterprise strategies: The divergence of competitive strategies among shipping enterprises, including investment in onshore facilities, transition to new energy vessels and increase in new shipbuilding orders, may have an impact on freight rates.

 

8.Market structural changes: Lack of confidence and the strengthening of freight game have led to a rapid decline in global container liner freight rates, and the market is facing oversupply pressure.

 

9.Future forecast: In the medium term, global seaborne trade volume and container trade are expected to continue to grow from 2024 to 2028, but at a slower pace.

 

10Spot and long term contract price inversion: the phenomenon of spot price and long term contract price inversion on some main routes may lead to renegotiation of the carriage contract or breach of contract.

 

To sum up, the changing trend of global sea freight rates is multi-dimensional and influenced by a variety of economic, political and technical factors. Future freight rates will need to be analyzed based on real-time market data and global economic conditions.


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