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Anhydrous Organic Lab Formic Acid

  • 64-18-6
  • Industrial
  • CH2O2
  • 46.025 g/mol
  • 2915110000
  • Formic acid
  • Methanoic acid; Carbonous acid; Formylic acid; Hydrogen carboxylic acid
1. Package information

35kg/HDPE drum=720drums/20fcl=25.2mts/20fcl

250kg/HDPE drum=80drums/20fcl=20mts/20fcl

1.2mts/IBC drum=20drums/20fcl=24mts/20fcl

*20fcl=20 feet container load

*mts=metric tons

2. Product Summary

Name: Formic Acid

Grade: Industrial Grade

Content: 85%, 90%, 99%

2.1 Identifiers


Formic acid


Methanoic acid; Carbonous acid; Formylic acid; Hydrogen carboxylic acid

Molecular formula


Molecular weight












ECHA InfoCard


EC Number


PubChem CID




UN Code


HS Code


2.2 Physical and chemical properties

Physical State






Odor Threshold

No information available


2.1  10g/L aq.sol

Melting Point/Range


Boiling Point/Range


Flash Point


Evaporation Rate

No information available

Flammability (solid, gas)

Not applicable

Upper Flammability or explosive limits


Lower Flammability or explosive limits


Vapor Pressure


Vapor Density

No information available

Relative Density



Miscible with water

Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water)

No information available

Autoignition Temperature


Decomposition Temperature

No information available



2.3 Spectral information

No data available

2.4 Safety and hazards information

2.4.1 Classification

This chemical is considered hazardous by the 2012 OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200)

Flammable  liquids

Category 3

Acute oral toxicity

Category 4

Acute Inhalation Toxicity – Vapors

Category 3

Skin Corrosion/irritation

Category 1A

Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation

Category 1

Specific target organ toxicity (single exposure)

Category 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

2.4.2 GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements


Anhydrous Organic Lab Formic Acid                                                                                 

Signal word


Hazard statement(s)

Flammable liquid and vapor

Harmful if swallowed

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

Toxic if inhaled

May cause respiratory irritation

Precautionary statement(s)

Wash face, hands, and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling

Do not eat, drink, or smoke when using this product

Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area

Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray

Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces – NO Smoking

Keep container tightly closed

Ground/bond container and receiving equipment

Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/equipment

Use only non-sparking tools

Take precautionary measures against static discharge

Keep cool


Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician


IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing


IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse


IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing


Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting


In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam for extinction


Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. Store locked up


Dispose of contents/container to an approved waste disposal plant

Hazards not otherwise classified (HNOC)

Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears)

2.5 Stability and reactivity

Reactive Hazard

None known, based on information available


Strong reducing agent. Fire and explosion risk in contact with oxidizing agents. Hygroscopic. heat sensitive. Decomposes to water and carbon dioxide.

Conditions to Avoid

Incompatible products. Excess heat. Keep away from open flames, hot surfaces and sources of ignition. Exposure to moist air or water.

Incompatible Materials

Strong oxidizing agents, Metals, Powdered metals, Strong bases

Hazardous Decomposition Products

Carbon monoxide (CO), Carbon dioxide (CO2), Hydrogen, Thermal decomposition can lead to release of irritating gases and vapors

Hazardous Polymerization

Hazardous polymerization does not occur.

Hazardous Reactions

None under normal processing.

2.6 Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity

Product information

Oral LD50

Category 4

Dermal LD50

Based on ATE data, the classification criteria are not met

Vapor LC50

Category 3


Component information


LD50 Oral

LD50 Dermal

LD50 Inhalation

Formic acid

730mg/kg (Rat)

Not listed

15g/m(Rat) 15min

Toxicologically Synergistic

No information available


Delayed and immediate effects as well as chronic effects from short and long-term exposure


Causes severe burns by all exposure routes Irritating to respiratory system


No information available


The table below indicates whether each agency has listed any ingredient as a carcinogen








Formic acid


Not listed

Not listed

Not listed

Not listed

Not listed

Mutagenic Effects

No information available

Reproductive Effects

No information available.

Developmental Effects

No information available.


No information available

STOT-single exposure

Respiratory system

STOT-repeated exposure

None known

Aspiration hazard

No information available

Symptoms/effects, both acute and delayed

Symptoms of overexposure may be headache, dizziness, tiredness, nausea, and vomiting, Product is a corrosive material. Use of gastric lavage or emesis is contraindicated. Possible perforation of stomach or esophagus should be investigated: Ingestion causes severe swelling, severe damage to the delicate tissue and danger of perforation

Endocrine Disruptor Information

No information available

Other Adverse Effects

See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

2.7 Ecological information


Contains a substance which is: Harmful to aquatic organisms


Freshwater Algae

Freshwater Fish


Water Flea

Formic acid


Leuciscus idus:LC50=46-100mg/L/96h



Persistence and Degradability

Miscible with water Persistence is unlikely based on information available

Bioaccumulation/ Accumulation

No information available.


Will likely be mobile in the environment due to its water solubility.




Formic acid



Anhydrous organic lab formic acid occurs naturally in ants and in the fruit of the soap tree, it is also formed as a by-product in the atmospheric oxidation of turpentine. The common commercial product is sodium formate, which is prepared by the reaction of carbon monoxide and sodium hydroxide under pressure and heat. Unlike other organic acids, formic acid has the advantage of being both a carboxylic acid and an aldehyde. It acts, therefore, both as an acidifying and a reducing agent, which clearly gives anhydrous formic acid enhanced potential for use in industry. Lab anhydrous formic acid is used in leather manufacture to control pH, as well as acid dyeing, and has been used for many years as an environmentally friendly alternative in industries such as textiles, natural rubber processing. It is also used in agriculture, as well as in the production of medicines, cosmetics, detergents, and disinfectants. It has excellent properties in controlling acidity, while at the same time effectively restricting microbial growth.


Additional applications/uses are:

Lab formic acid can used in artificial sweetener preparation

Hard surface care

Home & industrial care intermediates

Lab organic anhydrous formic acid can used in laboratories as a solvent modifier for HPLC separations of protenins and peptides, especially when the sample is being prepared for mass spectrometry analysis

Lab organic formic acid can added in pharmaceutical processing of HTF production

Organic anhydrous formic acid can used in industrial clean and institutional clean

Insecticides int

Organic formic acid can be a pharmaceutical chemicals

Specialty chemicals

Product Specification

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Q: Where is your factory located?

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Q: What is your sample policy?

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About us

Anhydrous Organic Lab Formic Acid

Anhydrous Organic Lab Formic Acid

Anhydrous Organic Lab Formic Acid

Anhydrous Organic Lab Formic Acid

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